• Follow us

Canada

Why Ottawa is hedging when it comes to handguns | CBC News

A weekend of violence in Canada's largest city has led to renewed calls for a ban on the sale and possession of handguns, but the federal Liberals say that no such action will be taken until after the fall election.

In an interview Tuesday with CBC's Power & Politics, Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale said the government is weighing the results of last year's public consultations on tougher gun control measures and will put forward its proposals as part of the upcoming campaign.

"It's appropriate for the political parties to lay out for Canadians where they would go with this particular issue," said Goodale, noting that any legislative changes will have to wait for Parliament's return.

Toronto city council first asked Ottawa to enact a handgun ban more than a year ago in the wake of a shooting spree in the Danforth neighbourhood that killed two people and injured 13 others. The request was repeated in June after a shooting incident during Toronto Raptors' victory celebration wounded four people. And it was made again this past holiday weekend, after 14 separate shootings injured 17 people across the city — a spasm of violence that Toronto Mayor John Tory described as "heartbreaking."

Similar calls have come from municipal politicians in Montreal and Ottawa.

I remain firmly of the belief that a handgun ban will help us address the gun violence we are experiencing in our city and the surrounding region.

—@JohnTory

Polls suggest there is broad support for a prohibition on the ownership of certain types of firearms.

Last month, a Forum Research survey of 1,143 Toronto voters found that a majority of respondents — 62 per cent — expressed a belief that a handgun ban would reduce the number of gang shootings in the city.

And a national Angus Reid Institute poll in May found 61 per cent of respondents supported making it illegal for civilians to own a handgun — with 75 per cent in favour of a similar ban on all assault weapons. Two-thirds of respondents said they agreed with the idea of a taxpayer-funded buyback program to compensate gun owners if such bans were enacted.

But that may not be where the Liberals are heading.

Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction Minister Bill Blair, who was charged with overseeing the public consultations, more or less outlined the government's thinking in a series of media interviews in June.

He signalled that he was in favour of a national ban on assault-style weapons, but not handguns, citing both the high cost of compensating owners — an estimated $1.5 billion to $2 billion — and the challenge of making it work.

"It would not, in my opinion, be perhaps the most effective measure in restricting the access that criminals would have to such weapons, because we'd still have a problem with them being smuggled across the border," the former Toronto police chief told the Globe and Mail.

In a series of interviews last June, Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction Minister Bill Blair signalled he was in favour of a national ban on assault-style weapons, but not on handguns. (Sean Kilpatrick/Canadian Press)

What Ottawa seems to be preparing to do is create some legislative framework to allow major cities to enact local gun control measures on things like the sale, storage or transportation of handguns.

How that will work exactly remains to be seen, particularly in Ontario, where the Premier Doug Ford has already rejected the idea of a ban in Toronto, saying it would punish law-abiding gun owners rather than criminals.

According to data from Statistics Canada, handguns were used in 59 per cent of all violent gun crimes in 2017, while a rifle or a shotgun was used in 17 per cent of the reported offences, and a fully automatic firearm or a sawed-off shotgun or rifle, in six per cent.

Who would be affected by a handgun ban?

But questions remain about whether banning handguns would help solve crime and gang problems. 

A briefing note on the national consultations, released last fall by Public Safety Canada, said that a ban would "primarily affect" collectors and sport shooters who own most of the country's 900,000 registered handguns, while having only an "indirect" impact on the illicit market by reducing the number of weapons that could be potentially diverted or stolen.

The report also suggests that the evidence on the effectiveness of gun bans remains inconclusive. 

"In all cases, the data does not conclusively demonstrate that these handgun or assault weapon bans have led to reductions in gun violence, though some studies drew other conclusions," it said. "The variation in study results reflects the fact that patterns of gun violence are influenced by many factors and the impact cannot be attributed to one factor."

Christian Leuprecht, a political science professor at the Royal Military College and Queen's University, says while there are many "laudable" reasons for favouring a handgun ban, he questions whether it would actually do anything to solve Toronto's current problems.

"If the objective is to curb gang gun violence, a ban is not going to do a whole lot," he said. "A lot of these guns are being illicitly brought across the U.S. border.… The challenge is that we live next to the largest weapons market in the world."

Leuprecht instead advocates for more resources to help police focus on criminal gun networks, as well as tougher penalties for firearms owners who sell or fail to securely store their legally purchased weapons.

A total of 14 separate shootings injured 17 people across Toronto this past holiday long weekend, including one in the city's affluent Bridle Path neighbourhood. It is believed this shooting occurred while the home was being rented as an Airbnb. (CBC)

Canada needs to learn from its neighbour's failings and ban handguns before it's too late, argues Richard Florida, an urban studies theorist who heads the Martin Prosperity Institute at the University of Toronto's Rotman School of Management.

"I grew up in the States during the worst period of urban violence; I saw America's great cities turn into killing fields," he said. "Things can go bad — and fast."

While Toronto and other large Canadian cities still aren't experiencing the levels of gun violence seen in places like Chicago or Los Angeles, Florida said the country is now on that trajectory, with the shootings no longer contained to less-advantaged neighbourhoods.

"We need to get ahead of this. We need to ban handguns," he said. "Why does anyone need to carry a handgun in our cities?"

Handgun or assault weapon bans may not provide an immediate solution to gun violence, but there is evidence that reducing the number of weapons on the streets and in homes can have a net societal benefit. 

A 2010 study of the Australian gun ban and buyback that followed the 1996 massacre in Port Arthur, Tasmania that killed 35 people and wounded 23 others found that removing 650,000 weapons from circulation led to an almost 80 per cent drop in firearm suicide rates, and a 35 to 50 per cent reduction in gun homicide rates.

[embedded content]

Per capita gun ownership in Australia remains almost 25 per cent lower than it was in the mid-1990s, though the overall number of weapons in the hands of the country's civilians has steadily crept back up over the decades and now surpasses the pre-Port Arthur figures. 

The latest edition of the global Small Arms Survey, which is financed in part by the Australian government, estimates that Canada has a total of 12.7 million legal and illegal firearms in civilian hands, tying us with France for the 11th most guns in the world. Canada's per capita gun ownership of 34.7 weapons per 100 people ranks fifth overall. 

Our next door neighbour, the United States, is number one in both quantity, with an estimated 393.3 million guns, and per capita ownership, with 120.5 guns for every 100 people.

Read More



Leave A Comment

More News

Canada – Macleans.ca

Canada likely won’t hear more on the SNC 2019-08-22 06:30:05Politics Insider for Aug. 22: Polling on Trudeau's ethics, analysis of Scheer's climate policy, plus some news—we're hosting a leaders debate

Treasure hunters flock to Oak Island, where no 2019-08-21 16:38:17Sometimes called 'Hoax Island,' this Nova Scotia tourist trap has for centuries been rumoured to feature buried treasure. No one's ever found it, b

West-coast water foragers turn off their taps—and go 2019-08-19 17:23:16Some confess to vague mistrust of municipal systems and government-sanctioned health advice. Their ideas range from the earthy to the fanciful. The po

Gas station owners pitched an alternative to Ford’s 2019-08-19 16:56:52But the provincial Tories rejected the suggested pie charts that would've shown everything that goes into the cost of filling up The post Gas station

The beginner’s guide to opening a pot shop 2019-08-19 12:03:09The how-to you need to read before getting into cannabis retail The post The beginner’s guide to opening a pot shop appeared first on Macleans.c

Oops: The curious case of the wrong judge 2019-08-16 15:24:02At Ontario's highest court, a judge signed off on a 25-page ruling. The problem was, he wasn't one of the judges on the case's panel. The post Oop

Trudeau breached federal ethics rules in SNC-Lavalin affair: 2019-08-14 12:07:25Mario Dion says Trudeau's attempts to influence Jody Wilson-Raybould on the matter contravened section 9 of the Conflict of Interest Act The post Tru

The fearless rescuers who save right whales from 2019-08-13 17:02:25A North Atlantic right whale is tangled up in fishing gear and likely to die—unless this dauntless rescue team gets to him first The post The fe

What would Frederick Banting think of ‘insulin tourism’? 2019-08-13 06:30:37Insulin’s legendary co-discoverer was never in it to get rich. Banting donated the patent to try to avoid today’s global tragedies. The po

Manhunt suspects died in apparent suicides by gunfire: 2019-08-12 17:43:33Bryer Schmegelsky and Kam McLeod appeared to be dead for a number of days before their bodies were found in northern Manitoba The post Manhunt suspect

The end of the manhunt: two bodies are 2019-08-07 15:10:19The RCMP believes the bodies are Kam McLeod and Bryer Schmegelsky. They were found in dense brush near the shoreline of the Nelson River. The post The

‘We’ve been stranded on this man-made island for 2019-08-07 11:48:09A thoughtless decision that cut off Shoal Lake 40 First Nation from the outside world a century ago is finally set right with the opening of Freedom R

CBC | Canada News

Federal NDP leader Singh makes stop in Edmonton, 2019-08-24 21:01:38Federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh visited the party’s lone riding in Alberta on Saturday in an effort to build momentum in the province ahead of

Corn feast at Saskatoon Farmers' Market cancelled as 2019-08-24 14:26:00Producers praying for rain, warmer weather as the summer season starts sliding away.

Police investigate racist rant in Richmond, B.C., parking 2019-08-24 11:34:37Police are investigating a confrontation caught on video in a Richmond parking lot Friday afternoon, where a woman is shown swearing and yelling racia

G7 summit in France 'last moment' to restore 2019-08-24 08:06:49As leaders of the world’s major democracies began arriving Saturday in the French seaside resort of Biarritz for their annual summit, the presid

Laval MP Eva Nassif 'pushed out' by Liberal 2019-08-24 07:17:22Laval's outgoing Liberal MP for the Vimy riding is throwing in the towel, opting to pull out of political life before the upcoming election this fall

What N.L. could learn from the worst offshore 2019-08-24 05:30:00Marine scientist Donald Boesch says the controversy fuelled by recent oil spills off Canada's East Coast has some "fairly interesting and

How workhorses in Canada are slowly becoming a 2019-08-24 05:00:35Changing times and skyrocketing prices mean fewer people are owning and raising workhorses. People in the industry worry that it might be the end of a

Kugluktuk man finds message in a bottle 9 2019-08-24 05:00:00David 'Norberg' Klengenberg was gathering wood near the shore for a camping trip when he came across a surprising find: a message in a bottle sent b

The girl from the orphanage: A Montreal nurse's 2019-08-24 04:00:00Hannah Palmer's last memory of the Haitian orphanage before she was adopted was an older girl stealing her shoes. Now, 19 years later, she's trying

Winnipeg commander wasn't told of probe into reservist's 2019-08-24 00:19:21A Winnipeg commander was not made aware the military was investigating an army reservist accused of ties to a global neo-Nazi terrorist grou

'Offensive': Brian Pallister under fire for saying Wab 2019-08-23 18:24:05Comments by Manitoba Progressive Conservative Leader Brian Pallister about his NDP opponent’s childhood are being called offensive by one former

Crown comes out swinging in cross-examination of B.C. 2019-08-23 17:02:31If Andrew Berry didn’t stab his daughters to death on Christmas 2017, why didn’t he tell everyone he talked to in the immediate aftermath

: Canada

Stanley Cup champion Schwartz asks for more bone 2019-08-24 21:52:26Stanley Cup champion Jayden Schwartz lost his sister to leukemia. He was in Saskatoon to sign up more bone marrow donors.

Largest Muslim convention in Western Canada focuses on 2019-08-24 21:00:38All were welcome to the workshops and prayers at the Jalsa Salana convention at the Sarcee Seven Chiefs Sportsplex on Tsuut'ina Nation.

Small train derailment near Lac-Mégantic 2019-08-24 20:52:52Lac-Mégantic was the site of the 2013 train derailment disaster that killed 47 and destroyed much of the town.

Two 11-year-old girls honoured with Good Samaritan award 2019-08-24 20:25:55For saving the boy's life, Sun Youth honoured both girls.

Highway temporarily closed while air ambulance transports cyclist 2019-08-24 20:08:27Penticton police say the 1 p.m. incident involved a cyclist in distress along Highway 3A, east of Twin Lakes.

Mosaic Stadium first in Canada to receive gold 2019-08-24 19:08:00Regina's Mosaic Stadium received the gold rating for it's accessibility from the Rick Hansen Foundation Saturday.

Rescue operation at the summit of Mount Royal 2019-08-24 18:39:42The man slipped and fell from a height of about 10 metres while near Olmsted Road on Mount Royal.

CAMH patient found after reported missing during supervised 2019-08-24 18:21:28Police said 35-year-old Gashawbeza Gasha Kefene went missing from the medical facility during a supervised walk.

11th annual Ride for Recovery motorcycle rally rolls 2019-08-24 18:08:19The 11th annual Ride for Recovery motorcycle rally rolled through Calgary Saturday. The event looks to bring awareness to addiction recovery.

Mulberry Waldorf elementary school removes pavement for green 2019-08-24 17:55:37The Mulberry Waldorf School in Kingston partnered up with the Red Squirrel Conservation Services to transform their outdoor school grounds into a gree

New Montreal Impact coach Wilmer Cabrera set for 2019-08-23 15:10:41Wilmer Cabrera makes his debut as Impact coach in the latest edition of the 401 Derby at BMO Field, mere days after replacing the fired Rémi Ga

Province pushing for regulator to approve decrease of 2019-08-23 15:04:05The B.C. government has submitted a request to the B.C. Utilities Commission (BCUC) to decrease hydro rates.

Canada stories

Bo Show continues to dazzle as Blue Jays 2019-08-25 00:58:44SEATTLE — Southern California, the Pacific Northwest or back home in Toronto, wherever the Bo Show goes, it continues to impress and earn rave r

Canadian men’s national rugby team takes positives from 2019-08-24 23:36:32HAMILTON – With Canada’s national men’s rugby team behind several of the other nations competing in next month’s Rugby World C

Chapdelaine must solve Slowik’s ‘unique’ defence as Argos 2019-08-24 23:35:49MONCTON — There’s something different about these Alouettes, something appealing in the way they compete, something unique to three-down f

NFL bombshell: Andrew Luck retiring after just 7 2019-08-24 23:15:18Colts passer booed off field, then confirms reports In the most shocking NFL retirement since Barry Sanders 20 years ago this summer, Indianapolis Col

Low expectations lead to historically low results for 2019-08-24 23:02:23SEATTLE – It is perhaps a barometer of just how deeply low expectations of this 2019 edition of the Blue Jays have taken root. But when the team

Toronto FC wins crucial game against Montreal Impact 2019-08-24 22:51:05Justin Morrow’s goal came just in time. The Toronto FC full back scored in the 81st minute to lift the Reds to a well-deserved 2-1 victory over

Letters to the Editor, Aug. 25 2019-08-24 21:49:21COLD DEAD HANDS I’m a handgun owner living in the city of Toronto. Recently it was stated that a nationwide gun buy-back would cost between $1-$

Defending champion Brooke Henderson battles back to sit 2019-08-24 21:41:05AURORA, Ont. — Think fans can’t affect the outcome of a sporting event? Think again. Brooke Henderson credits a little boy with helping tu

Donato, Aug. 25 2019-08-24 20:38:39Andy Donato

D23: Rey wields double lightsaber in new ‘Star 2019-08-24 20:35:48ANAHEIM, Calif. — The Skywalker Saga is going out with a bang. But fans are going to have to wait a wee bit longer before they see any new foota

Shock after arrest of Kentucky teacher, 23, for 2019-08-23 15:15:59A Kentucky biology teacher is accused of taking her chosen discipline literally with an underage student. Cops say Kendall Burk, 23, a biology teacher

RESCON: Getting youth to enter the trades 2019-08-23 14:36:09  Ontario must eliminate the barriers to the skilled trades which prevent young people from making the leap into satisfying, high-paying careers

Vancouver Sun

Oppenheimer residents caught in 'chaotic' relocation, advocates say 2019-08-24 23:39:21Police, park rangers and other city staff have been a constant presence in the park.

Job action possible after Vancouver hotel workers deliver 2019-08-24 22:04:32The Hyatt Regency, the Westin Bayshore and the Pinnacle Harbourfront Vancouver could soon be behind picket lines during the busiest tourism month of t

Fix is in for Repair Cafe founders, aiming 2019-08-24 20:04:03Nearly everything in a household can be repaired, even if it means delaying a trip to the PNE Fair

Tragic details of woman shot during murder of 2019-08-24 18:44:08'(Leah Hadden-Watts) life expectancy has been reduced to approximately 70 per cent of that of a person without a spinal cord injury,' says Court of

Sunshine Coast ferry crash caused by ‘procedural error’: 2019-08-24 16:03:13Nearly 300 passengers were stranded on board the Queen of Surrey for about 10 hours in the March 26 incident at the Langdale terminal

Cookbook to serve up profits to help feed 2019-08-24 14:00:37Food Stories is packed with 21 inspirational stories and recipes from B.C. chefs.

Makeover: Fringe benefits 2019-08-24 14:00:24Nadia Albano offers up tips on making your hair look fresh and clean in just five minutes.

Immigration fraud at Hastings racetrack cited in federal 2019-08-24 13:10:15Documents show 30 racetrack workers from Mexico had a variety of excuses for not having the proper papers

New phase at The Commonage expands Predator Ridge 2019-08-24 13:08:52Predator Ridge, a resort destination community built by Wesbuild Holdings Ltd., has just launched phase three of its popular mountainside neighbourhoo

What's cooking with the PNE Prize Home? Try 2019-08-24 10:00:13Display home will be relocated to a housing development called Kirschner Mountain, a 15-minute drive from downtown Kelowna, with views of Lake Okanaga

North Vancouver music teacher arrested over allegations of 2019-08-22 21:24:51Lamar Victor Alviar, 22, teaches at LA Music Studio, a private music academy in North Van’s Central Lonsdale neighbourhood.

Daphne Bramham: Even in Canada, Hong Kong supporters 2019-08-22 21:19:32OPINION: These are challenging and dangerous times that require all of us to stand together for our freedoms and rights

Montreal Gazette

Impact limps out of playoff berth after loss 2019-08-24 23:28:07Justin Morrow spoiled Wilmer Cabrera's debut as coach of the Impact when he scored in the 81st minute to snap a 1-1 tie  and give Toronto FC a 2

Injury opens door for Alouettes' Bo Lokombo to 2019-08-24 21:56:10Montreal faces lowly Toronto in Moncton on Sunday, a team that has lost seven of eight games this season.

Fire department rescues man who fell on Mount 2019-08-24 20:55:50The man fell around 10 metres near a steep spot on Olmsted Rd. and did not require hospitalization.

Quebec airport landing strip used for 5-km race 2019-08-24 20:55:21"It's a concept that's been happening in airports around the world. ... However, this is a first in Quebec."

Watch: P.K Subban is back in Montreal 2019-08-24 20:54:34It’s been more than three years since P.K. Subban was traded by the Montreal Canadiens, but he has returned to the city this week for his annual

Changing nature of future workforce concerns CEGEP federation 2019-08-24 20:53:50Though CEGEP attendance is slightly lower than last year, the federation intends to focus on increasing the number of successful graduates to meet lab

Sun Youth awards girls, 10 and 11, after 2019-08-24 19:56:47"I'm proud of her and every day I'm congratulating her," said the grandfather of one of the girls.

Watch: So you're moving to Montreal next semester 2019-08-24 15:27:15Heading into the 2019-20 school year, we decided to make a list of deals every student in Montreal should be aware of.

Motorcyclist dies after accident on Highway 520 2019-08-24 08:52:34The driver, a man in his 30s, lost control of his motorcycle around 8 p.m. for reasons that have yet to be determined, the SQ said.

While you were sleeping: Doctors pull out venomous 2019-08-24 08:32:39A woman in Kansas City thought she simply had water in the ear, but instead doctors found a venomous brown recluse spider upon examination.

P.K. Subban, champion skier Vonn announce engagement 2019-08-23 15:24:10"Right off the bat, I knew he was different," Vonn, a four-time Olympian, said.

Transat shareholders back sale to Air Canada, look 2019-08-23 15:08:00Almost 95 per cent of votes cast at Friday’s shareholder meeting were in favour of the deal with Air Canada, Transat said.

TORONTO STAR | NEWS | CANADA

Volunteers raising money for hospital upgrade in honour 2019-08-24 21:20:23The women, who call themselves Barho Friends, organized a henna tattoo fundraising event Saturday in hopes of raising money to renovate the family roo

Groups ready campaign to help young voters identify 2019-08-24 10:12:05In the coming weeks, a media literacy campaign of sorts will be launched, focusing on helping young voters identify misinformation and suspicious sour

Judge dismisses suit against doctors accused of ignoring 2019-08-23 23:27:58The suit, filed by Ontario resident Joy Wawrzyniak, accused the doctors of negligence and malpractice in the death of her father, a 88-year-old vetera

While fans fight a Chick-fil-A versus Popeyes chicken 2019-08-23 21:26:56While the world waits for the internet to come home to roost on which chain — Popeyes or Chick-fil-A — has a better chicken sandwich, Star

Trade to dominate Trudeau-Trump bilateral meeting during G7 2019-08-23 19:55:54Trudeau is also expected to prioritize taking action on climate change both in bilateral meetings and during the summit’s official program &mdas

Senate’s new independence so good it should be 2019-08-23 19:24:54Sen. Peter Harder is urging parties vying for power in the Oct. 21 election to promise to change the law so that future prime ministers would also use

Ontario First Nations on the road to self-government 2019-08-23 19:00:53Agreement between First Nations and levels of government will remove them from most of Indian Act.

G7 leaders should step up own climate plans 2019-08-23 18:58:53Greenpeace Canada staffer says every country needs to think globally but act locally when it comes to reducing greenhouse gases and protecting forests

Researchers probing hidden secrets in waters off northern 2019-08-23 15:47:49The non-profit group Oceana Canada and representatives from the Nunatsiavut Inuit government are surveying northern fjords, islands around the village

Third-party buys billboard to promote Maxime Bernier’s anti-mass 2019-08-23 15:36:48A billboard with Maxime Bernier’s face prompting people to vote for the People’s Party of Canada and reads “Say NO to Mass Immigrati

Ottawa police charge bus driver with 38 offences 2019-08-23 12:08:4342-year-old Aissatou Diallo faces three counts of dangerous driving causing death, and 35 counts of dangerous driving causing bodily harm.

Rally in Mackenzie, B.C. draws attention to continuing 2019-08-23 11:44:43Three wood products operations in Mackenzie closed indefinitely or cut hours this summer, blaming high log costs and adverse market conditions, strain

blogTO

Some of Toronto's best cheap eats are secretly 2019-08-24 10:35:08Toronto is known for the street food of Kensington Market, dim sum in Chinatown and trendy restaurants on Ossington, but you don&r

This cable car has been giving epic rides 2019-08-24 09:27:40When something's been running for over 100 years, I think it's pretty safe to call it a success. Like the Whirlpool Aero Car in Niagara Falls,

Toronto basketball players are mad at Canadian Tire 2019-08-24 09:07:51At the height of Raptors fever, Canadian Tire decided to donate a bunch of new basketball nets to more than a dozen courts across Toronto. Two mo

The maker of rainbow grilled cheese in Toronto 2019-08-24 08:56:04Rainbows have been getting a lot of attention lately, whether they're in the form of bagels, healthy bowls or just being pooped out by unicorns. 

The top 5 new barber shops in Toronto 2019-08-24 08:47:15New barber shops in Toronto are the newest arrivals on the hair styling scene, offering line-ups and clean cuts. Come hang out at the shop, get a fade

Toronto has a secret outdoor butterfly garden and 2019-08-24 08:37:01The Humber Bay Butterfly Habitat (HBBH) is a naturesque pocket in Toronto dedicated solely to attracting urban wildlife—specifically, the flutte

There's another epic sunflower farm for selfies that 2019-08-24 08:04:45Sunflower lovers: there's a place you should add to your list of must-visit flower fields. Campbell's Cross Farm, a family-run farm in Caledon,

Wellness lattes are the hottest trend at Toronto 2019-08-24 08:01:42Wellness lattes, elixir lattes, superdrinks...new beverages are creeping onto the menus of Toronto's cafes, and they go by many names. Where once the

10 things to do in Toronto today 2019-08-24 01:00:00Cheers to end-of-summer fun with events in Toronto including a big neighbourhood beer festival in Leslieville and a big daytime patio party. Tamil Fes

This is what those mysterious blue lights on 2019-08-23 17:34:37If you've ever walked on College Street at night, you might have noticed three intersections that are not like the others. Head to the corn

Toronto neighbourhood wants to get rid of ghost 2019-08-23 16:39:44Airbnb has caused plenty of controversy since it first arrived in Toronto. It's had quite the impact on housing supply in the GTA, and now Kensi

People are now protesting in Toronto to save 2019-08-23 15:12:35The planet's lungs are burning — and protesters in Toronto are now demanding action.Parts of the Amazon rainforest, which produces 20 per cent


Disclaimer and Notice:WorldProNews.com is not responsible of these news or any information published on this website.